Detailed analysis of a substorm event on 6 and 7 June 1989. 2. Stepwise auroral bulge evolution during expansion phase

first_img[1] We have analyzed in detail the auroral bulge evolution during the expansion phase of an isolated substorm, which was observed by the UV imager aboard the Akebono satellite. It was found that there were three distinct stages in the evolution. Stage 1 was characterized by rapid poleward and azimuthal ( predominantly westward) expansions in a short time (about 2 min). Stage 2 was characterized by a very slow poleward and slower and continuous azimuthal expansions. There was a certain period for transition between stage 1 and stage 2, and it was characterized by a very slow poleward and rapid eastward expansions. Stage 3 started about 11 min after the onset and was characterized by a sudden reactivation of the rapid poleward and azimuthal expansions. The reactivation started around the initial onset meridian and then spread both eastward and westward. At the azimuthal front, the expansion first occurred at the lowest latitudes, spread poleward to around the highest latitudes of stage 1, and then spread further poleward after a brief interval. Hence, the local expansion also had three distinct stages similar to the global one. The ground-based observations showed that the highest latitude of the local first stage was very close to the latitude of auroral activity that appeared near the ionospheric plasma sheet boundary layer (PSBL) region a few minutes before the onset. The further poleward expansion during the local third stage started with a significant intensification of the poleward-most auroral activity. During the local third stage, the bright electron auroral region was bifurcated into a poleward expanding part and an equatorward moving part. The proton auroral emission coexisted in the bulge during the local first and second stages and almost disappeared soon after the bifurcation during the local third stage. Based on these observations, we discuss the evolution in the magnetosphere during the expansion phase.last_img read more

Mayor’s Update 4-28

first_imgApril 28, 2017Dear Friends,Earlier this week, I met with a small group that included representatives of the Ocean City School District, the Ocean City Police Department, City Council, my administration and families affected by drug addiction. The task at hand was to see if we, as a community, could do more to prevent the inevitable tragedies that are part of the growing epidemic in our town and throughout the nation. I’d like to personally thank Sally Onesty for helping to inspire the effort, for openly sharing information about her son Tyler’s struggles, and for advocating for a positive solution.One message from the meeting was that individuals and families facing addiction don’t always know where to turn for help. A list of resources is available at The page includes links to Gov. Christie’s Facing Addiction Taskforce home and to local help hotlines compiled by the school district. The group is just getting started, but I want to make sure that the end result is simple, practical and effective solutions that genuinely make a difference. We owe it to the entire community.City Council on Thursday gave final approval to the 2017 municipal budget. The plan does come with a tax increase. The primary factors are: 1) payments on an aggressive capital plan that tackles countless road and drainage projects, improvements to the beach, bay, downtown and boardwalk, and many other projects throughout town that have been taken on in response to public demand; and 2) a $1.1 million increase in health insurance costs beyond our control. Council members, the city team and I work hard every year to make cuts and hold the line on spending, and we’re never happy to report any increase whatsoever. But I’m confident that we delivered the most fiscally responsible plan possible while still delivering on so many overdue infrastructure improvements. Copies of the budget can be viewed any time at is Arbor Day, and this morning, members of our Shade Tree Committee and Public Works team joined Ms. Carrie Merritt’s first-grade class at the Ocean City Primary School to plant a new crepe myrtle. The team also planted a new tree at the 34th Street Playground. The work is part of a continuing effort by the city and committee add green to the barrier island and see the additional benefits that trees bring to the city.I also received some good news today from Cape May County. The 34th Street Bridge is on schedule to reopen on time on Thursday (May 4). Both lanes of the bridge will close one final time overnight starting 10 p.m. Wednesday, so crews can remove the barriers on the bridge. It will be a relief to finally have both lanes back for the summer.The weekend forecast looks great, and I hope you all have a chance to get outside and enjoy the weather.Warm regards,Jay A. GillianMayor Mayor Jay Gillianlast_img read more

Press release: Penny Mordaunt praises Scottish aid workers

first_imgFrom the onset of the crisis the UK has been a leading donor, and this week’s announcement of an additional £70 million of humanitarian support will help ensure hundreds of thousands of persecuted people who have fled neighbouring Burma will be better protected during this dangerous time.UK aid supported work to prepare the Cox’s Bazar camps for the monsoon season began in January, when the UN estimated 102,000 men, women and children were living in areas at risk of flooding and 12,000 people were at risk from landslides.Notes to editors To do this we are decommissioning unsafe latrines and building new, safe, sustainable ones that will be cleaned on a regular basis. We are not only making these latrines safer to protect against disease, but also for women and vulnerable people by building them in appropriate areas and making sure they are properly lit and dignified. Telephone 020 7023 0600 With the devastating cyclone and monsoon season looming over the crowded camps in Cox’s Bazar, hundreds of thousands of vulnerable people are in danger of landslides or of falling ill with potentially fatal diseases. As the monsoon season sets in, it is more imperative than ever that cleaning happens regularly so that people can go to the toilet safely and to protect against the spread of disease. Our priority is water hygiene, health promotion and making existing sanitation facilities more robust for the upcoming monsoon season. UK aid support will help our response effort to limit the impact of the rains both in terms of potential damage to infrastructure from landslides and promoting hygiene. The International Development Secretary Penny Mordaunt today (Thursday 8 May 2018) praised the heroic efforts of Scottish aid workers delivering life-saving assistance to people that have fled violence in Burma and are now sheltering in neighbouring Bangladesh.Visiting the British Red Cross offices in Glasgow today, she spoke to Scottish aid worker Kenny Hamilton, from Glasgow and currently stationed in Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh.Mr Hamilton leads a sanitation project building safe toilets and overseeing the treatment and safe disposal of human waste to help prevent the spread of deadly diseases.The risk of a cholera outbreak in Cox’s Bazar is extremely high and will increase further with the looming monsoon season, which is expected to flood camps and could contaminate around half of the clean water sources.Earlier this week, Ms Mordaunt announced fresh UK aid support for people living in Cox’s Bazar to provide medication, sturdier shelters, food, clean water and support for women to give birth safely.Speaking at the British Red Cross offices in Glasgow, the International Development Secretary said: Email [email protected]center_img The Red Cross and Red Crescent continue to play a vital role in the response to this crisis and Scottish aid workers are among those remarkable humanitarians delivering life-saving assistance to the men, women and children who have suffered so much. The UK Government has contributed £129 million to the crisis since 25 August 2017. As part of this, £70 million announced on Monday 7 May is a new package of support, not previously allocated to this humanitarian programme. UK support totalling £4 million is enabling the Red Cross Red Crescent to provide up to 200,000 vulnerable people with food, healthcare, water and sanitation in response to the crisis in Bangladesh. This crisis resonates with the British public who have shown remarkable generosity raising £25.9 million for the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) Appeal. This includes £5 million which has been matched pound for pound by the UK Government. There are approximately 941,000 people living in Cox’s Bazar camps. Of these 681,000 are new arrivals since August 2017. The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Red Cross Movement is the world’s largest humanitarian network. The Movement is made up of 190 individual National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, working through 17 million volunteers who are dedicated to the Fundamental Principles of Humanity, Neutrality, Impartiality, Independence, Voluntary Service, Unity and Universality. The Red Cross and Red Crescent have already provided emergency support to 254,000 people – backed by UK aid – including fresh water, jerry cans and hygiene kits.A 24 hour surgical field hospital with 100 beds, including 40 isolation beds, is operating opposite one of the largest makeshift camps, staffed by Bangladeshi doctors and midwives with international medical and support staff.British Red Cross aid worker Kenny Hamilton said: The UK is leading the way to provide vaccinations, strengthen shelters and deliver food and clean water to those that have been forced to flee their homes because of brutal violence and persecution. General media queries (24 hours) If you have an urgent media query, please email the DFID Media Team on [email protected] in the first instance and we will respond as soon as possible.last_img read more

Michael Tinkham

first_imgMichael Tinkham, Rumford Professor of Physics and Gordon McKay Professor of Applied Physics in the Physics Department and the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Emeritus, who was internationally known for his contributions to condensed matter physics, in particular superconductivity, died in Portland, Oregon, on November 4, 2010, of complications following a stroke.  He was 82 years old.Mike was an experimental physicist with a gift for theory and a nose for important challenging problems.  After graduating from Ripon College in Wisconsin in 1951 with a bachelor’s degree in physics, he proceeded to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he received his master’s degree and Ph.D. in just three years.  His thesis, “Theory of the Fine Structure of the Molecular Oxygen Ground State with an Experimental Study of its Microwave Paramagnetic Spectrum,” was published in 1955.  He changed his interests from gaseous magnetic oxygen to the understanding of properties in solids with a classic study of magnetic properties of transition metal ions in a diamagnetic lattice as a postdoctoral fellow at the Clarendon Laboratory in Oxford University from 1954-1955.  Mike then moved to the University of California in Berkeley as a postdoctoral fellow in 1955, and joined the faculty there in 1957.At Berkeley Mike wrote his first book, Group Theory and Quantum Mechanics (1964).  His research was predominantly in superconductivity and magnetism.  This was an era when the understanding of superconductivity in metals was just emerging after many decades of study and lack of understanding.  Together with Rolf Glover III, a fellow postdoc, he set up a laboratory and measured the absorption/transmission of far infrared light passing through thin superconducting films. The remarkable result was that more light passed through the films in the superconducting state than in the higher temperature normal metal phase.  The far IR measurements as a function of frequency showed the existence of the superconducting energy gap.  These observations preceded the just-developing Bardeen-Cooper-Schriefer (BCS) theory of superconductivity and were key evidence in support of the theory.  His double-pronged research group in superconductivity and magnetism created an exciting environment, and Berkeley was an important stop for travelling scientists to visit Mike and his group and observe the latest findings.  In 1974 Mike was awarded the Oliver Buckley Prize of the American Physical Society for outstanding theoretical or experimental contributions to condensed matter physics based upon that work.In 1966 Mike accepted an offer from the Physics Department at Harvard University, where he spent the rest of his career.  Superconductivity continued as the main focus of his research.  His deep understanding of superconductivity led him to write his second book, Introduction to Superconductivity (1975), which clearly elucidated the subtle mysteries of the subject and has become a classic in the field.  In the early seventies, together with his postdocs and students, he made important advances in understanding the effect of thermal fluctuations on broadening the transition between superconducting and normal states.  With his deep understanding of the subtle theoretical underpinnings of superconductivity, he led a research activity to study many properties of the superconducting state.  With members of his group he applied those ideas to phase-slip centers, current flow across the superconductor-normal interface, and the subharmonic energy-gap structure in superconducting metallic weak links.  Mike moved with the times.  At Harvard he led in the development of the first central labs for producing materials on a nanoscopic level.  He and his group studied submicron tunnel junctions capacitively coupled to minute islands, the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in arrays of Josephson junctions, and tiny metallic whiskers grown on carbon nanotubes.Until his retirement Mike maintained a large active research group.  Graduate students were attracted to him for his ability to make complex ideas seem simple and to offer thesis problems on the leading edge of the field.  He encouraged his students to explore new directions, giving them full freedom to follow their own ideas and develop as creative scientists.  He hungered for data from his labs and had an uncanny talent for transforming scraps of experimental data into an ever-deeper understanding of superconductivity.  Over 45 students received their Ph.D.s under Mike’s tutelage.  His well-trained students and postdocs easily found positions at leading universities and research laboratories.Mike loved good food, good wine, and special desserts, sampling them all over the world.  His students were devoted and had an annual “Tinkham Dinner” at the March meeting of the American Physical Society.  Throughout most of his career he was quite formal and wore a coat and tie for most occasions, sometimes with a funny cap for the Boston weather.  But this attire did not hinder his fun with his students.  A special Science Center lecture to the interested public was advertised by a large colorful sign titled “Superconductivity” only to be doctored by his students on the night of the presentation to read “Sex and Superconductivity.”  He once walked into his lab where some of his students were having lunch and was upset to find that none of the homemade electronics were labeled. He demanded that everything in the lab be labeled for the next generation. The next day he found all the equipment duly labeled and his students sitting with bowed heads.  When they were asked to look up, Mike saw five foreheads labeled “Graduate Student.”Mike is survived by his wife, Mary Tinkham, his sons, Jeff and Chris, and two grandchildren, all now living in Portland, Oregon.  His colleagues and students, deeply saddened by his passing, will always remember his warmth, friendliness, and enthusiasm, as well as the depth of understanding and insights he brought to physics.Respectfully submitted,Venkatesh NarayanamurtiRobert M. WesterveltIsaac F. Silvera, Chairlast_img read more

Get Ready for Gartner Data Center

first_imgIt’s time again for Gartner Data Center, Infrastructure & Operations Management Conference, or Gartner Data Center for short.  For VCE, that means another great opportunity to connect with customers, partners, and others face to face.  But this year we wanted to make sure no one is left out.  For that reason, we will be sharing as much of the conference as we can with you. That includes live tweets from CTO Hyper-Convergence John Lockyer (@Johnloc), Social Manager Paul Young (@youngp2), and myself (@JayCuthrell).  In addition we will be running a live blog here on the Vblog with summaries and big takeaways from key sessions.  So follow along and let us know in the comments if there is anything you would really like to hear about.So what will we be covering? Here are just a few examples.Solution ShowcaseDon’t miss your chance to speak with the VCE team at our booth (#324) in the Solution Showcase.  There will be great learning and hands on opportunities. Talk with the team and get your badge scanned for a chance to win an Apple Watch.  For those at home you can still get a walkthrough of the booth here on the Vblog.Booth staff presenting to packed audience at VMworldLeveraging Convergence and Cloud in the Agile Digital EnterpriseIf you are at the conference, don’t miss the opportunity to see VCE, John Lockyer talk with CenturyLink’s Director of Product Management for Cloud Solutions, Michael Joffe on the benefits of converged infrastructure for hybrid IT solutions.  Sessions like this are particularly interesting because of the opportunity to hear the customer and solution provider perspectives.The Journey to Best-in-Class, Enterprise-Defined Data Center Starts NowThis opening keynote from Gartner VPs will be a great way to set the perspectives for the conference.  It promises to touch on the core competencies required to be successful in the age of the “enterprise-defined data center” no matter what new technologies or services come along.The Integrated Systems Magic QuadrantGartner takes a look at their famous magic quadrant analysis. This session promises to take a look through the challenges and opportunities for vendors in the integrated systems market.  It will be interesting to hear how expectations have changed since the 2015 report first came out.VCE Users Group DinnerSome of the best information you can get a conference is had over a late night dinner. There will be an ‘Ask VCE’ discussion panel with guests including CEO Praveen Akkiraju. We will also let you know what users are excited about and what use cases are interesting.2016 CIO Agenda: Implications to I&OAnother great keynote by Gartner, we will get a view into CIO priorities in 2016.  Will they match your expectations?  Are you prepared for the increase of decrease in spend? This should be a great conversation starter.Your best bet to stay connected is subscribe to this blog and follow along with our Twitter accounts (@VCE, @Johnloc, @youngp2, @JayCuthrell).   Again if there is anything that you would like to see specifically, leave a note in the comments or message us on Twitter.  See you at the show!last_img read more

Hedwig Star Darren Criss on Where His Heart Is

first_img Hedwig and the Angry Inch Star Files Show Closed This production ended its run on Sept. 13, 2015 Darren Criss Darren Criss stopped by TODAY on May 20 to chat about returning to the Great White Way in Hedwig and the Angry Inch. The former Glee star, who won a Audience Choice Award for his portrayal of our favorite internationally ignored song stylist, is already “so sad at the idea of it ever being over.” However we can all take heart, as although Criss will depart the Belasco Theatre on July 19, it sounds like he won’t be away from the Main Stem for too long. “I come from the theater, my heart will always be in the theater, there’s nothing like it,” he told Kathie Lee and Hoda. Check out the interview with the adorable Criss below. View Comments Related Showslast_img read more

Supergirl, Starring Laura Benanti & Jeremy Jordan, Sets Premiere Date

first_imgBreathe, Laura Benanti and Jeremy Jordan fans, we have the premiere date of their new TV show, Supergirl. The Broadway faves’ series will premiere on Monday October 26 at 8.30 PM ET, before moving to a regular Monday 8 PM timeslot on November 2. We are already refusing to make any evening plans apart from with our television sets on fall Mondays.Glee star Melissa Benoist will take on the role of Kara Zor-El, AKA Supergirl, with Benanti playing her mom. Rumor has it that Jordan’s character, Winslow “Winn” Schott, is also supervillain Toyman.Check out an extended trailer of the show below! Laura Benanti View Commentscenter_img Star Fileslast_img read more

Vermont Senators Sanders, Leahy praise EPA on power plant pollution

first_imgUS Senators Patrick Leahy (D-VT) and Bernie Sanders (I-VT) today praised the Environmental Protection Agency for forcing coal- and oil-fired power plants to reduce emissions. Leahy Statement: “I commend the Environmental Protection Agency for doing the right thing, under tremendous special interest pressure, in standing up for the public’s interest.  The Utility Air Toxics Rule to control toxic air pollutants such as mercury is a health and environmental breakthrough for the American people, and especially for Vermonters.  Finally, after 20 years of dodging regulation, coal- and oil-fired electric power plants, the largest contributors of these toxics, will be held accountable for the pollution they emit, just as many other industries are.These controls are particularly important to Vermont, which is why I have long fought to reduce mercury pollution and protect public health.  Though we have no major sources of mercury, we are on the receiving end of much of the rest of the country’s pollution.  So much, in fact, that the mercury data crucial to the development of this rule came from the atmospheric monitoring station at Vermont’s Proctor Maple Research Center, for which I secured funding.  Unfortunately, deep budget cuts will hamper EPA’s data gathering from this location, making it difficult for the EPA to get the full swath of information needed to keep the public safe, and informed.In Vermont, the devastating effect of all this mercury pollution is most evident in our waterways.  While we celebrate greatly improved fishing on Lake Champlain, we also know that large game fish from every water body in Vermont, including Champlain, are so heavily contaminated with out-of-state mercury that Vermonters are warned against eating them. That needs to change, and these new actions will help.Pollution control technology is already widely available, affordable, and in use at many plants nationwide.  We cannot allow outdated technology to endanger lives and stifle the innovation, investment and productivity that new technologies offer.  It is time for those older power plants that have failed to install this life-saving technology to catch up with the 33 percent that already comply with all of EPA’s emission limits, and with the 60 percent that already comply with EPA’s mercury limit. Without these safeguards, the public would continue to shoulder the cost of dirty industries, with their health, their children’s health, and sometimes with their lives. These poisonous emissions lead to more than 17,000 premature deaths every year, and they compromise our children’s brain development.  But with clear and effective Clean Air Act rules, we see tremendous benefits: cleaner air, healthier and more productive citizens, and the creation of thousands of good-paying clean jobs.  Skilled laborers are standing ready to fill the 31,000 short-term construction jobs and 9,000 long-term utility jobs that the Utility Air Toxics Rule will create.  This is about five times more jobs than the controversial Keystone XL tar sands oil pipeline would employ.  And unlike the pipeline, these clean air improvements do not gamble with the public’s health and our environment.For the hundreds of thousands of Americans suffering from heart attacks, bronchitis, asthma attacks and even worse, the EPA must act now to implement the Utility Air Toxics Rule.  We have the opportunity to create thousands of jobs that will make this nation safer and cleaner.  I look forward to fewer poisonous power plant emissions drifting over us to settle in Vermont’s backyards.” Sanders Statement: ‘I strongly support the Clean Air Act standards announced today that will slash toxic air pollution, such as mercury and arsenic, from our nation’s power plants,’ said Sanders, a member of the Senate environment committee. ‘We know from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that mercury can cause brain damage and is particularly harmful to infants and young children. We also know that installing the necessary pollution control scrubbers and equipment will create jobs as we update our power plants. This clean air rule is long overdue, and I commend EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson for protecting our families’ health and wellbeing,’ Sanders added. Sanders and other senators sent a letter to the White House on December 16 urging President Obama not to delay implementation of the rule. Power plants that have not installed equipment to reduce emissions are the largest remaining source of uncontrolled toxic air pollution in the United States. The EPA rule would prevent the release of about 90 percent of the mercury in coal and cut emissions of other toxic substances, such as arsenic. Medical experts estimated that the rule would prevent 11,000 premature deaths and 4,700 heart attacks a year, prevent 130,000 cases of childhood asthma symptoms and result in about 6,300 fewer cases of acute bronchitis among children each year. Enforcing the stricter rule, Sanders said, also would create an estimated 46,000 short-term construction jobs and result in 8,000 permanent jobs. 12.21.2011last_img read more

What jazz teaches us about marketing

first_imgJazz is in the moment—If you have ever listened to jazz music, you know you can get wrapped up in the song you’re hearing. When was the last time your members or customers got wrapped up in your marketing? Look for ways to give your targets an experience they will share with others. Just like jazz is in the moment, you need to provide consumers a “wow” experience. continue reading » There are all types of music: classical, hard rock, rap, grunge and country. And then there is jazz—a unique music style born in New Orleans. During the Credit Union National Association’s Marketing Management School (held in New Orleans), Hattie Bryant opened the week with a session on “All That Jazz.”“Jazz actually teaches us quite a bit about marketing,” she noted. “Jazz tells a story; it tells us how to feel. It’s the same with marketing: it tells a story and it’s about feelings.”So what does jazz teach us about marketing? Consider the following:Jazz is a musical conversation—In today’s social media world, marketing is no longer about sending marketing messages. It’s about having conversations. When it comes to marketing, are you just making noise that consumers are tuning out or you really taking time to have conversations? Just like you want to listen to jazz music, you want to listen to your target audiences. 7SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more