One photographer killed and six journalists in jail

first_img to go further RSF asks Germany to let Myanmar journalist Mratt Kyaw Thu apply for asylum Organisation MyanmarAsia – Pacific News Burmese journalists are gagged by censorship and closely watched and intimidated by the military junta. Reporters without Borders and the Burma Media Association urge the release of six imprisoned journalists, including U Win Tin (photo) jailed since July 1989. Reporters Without Borders calls to join the demonstration in front of the Burmese embassy in Paris, on Tuesday 27th at 2 pm. At a demonstration close to the Burmese embassy in Paris on 27 September 2007, Reporters Without Borders and the Burma Media Association launched an appeal to the UN Security Council to stop the bloody crackdown on pro-democracy demonstrations within the country. Receive email alerts The worldwide press freedom organisation also called for effective sanctions against the military regime and the immediate release of a photographer and five journalists currently imprisoned in the country. U Win Tin , who was one of the political mentors of Nobel peace prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, is still serving a 20-year prison sentence.As the military junta threatens to crack down on demonstrations by monks and opponents, six Burmese journalists are in jail in the country. Photo-journalist Win Saing was arrested on 28 August while taking photos of activists in the National League for Democracy (NLD) making offerings to monks in Rangoon. After being taken to the Kyaik-ka-san detention centre, he is currently being held at the police station in Thanlyin near Rangoon. He is in danger, as are hundreds of other people arrested in recent weeks, of being mal-treated.Reporters Without Borders and the Burma Media Association call for his release, along with that of five other imprisoned journalists.Burma’s best known editor, U Win Tin, age 77, has been imprisoned since July 1989 in a special cell of the notorious Insein Prison in Rangoon. Sentenced to 20 years in prison for anti-government propaganda, he was one of the organisers of the demonstrations in 1988. In 2007, he launched an appeal for resistance to the military regime which imprisoned him. “All political prisoners should be released and the democratic parliament recalled. We should not drop these demands”.U Thaung Sein, photo-journalist, and Ko Moe Htun, leader writer on the religious magazine Dhamah-Yate, were sentenced in March 2006, to three years in prison for taking photos of the new capital Naypyidaw, a mysterious city rising out of the earth at the whim of the chief general of the military junta. At their trial, the judge did not even bother to call witnesses or to let the two journalists speak in their defence.Monywa Aung-Shin was arrested in September 2000. Former editorial manager of the magazine Sar-maw-khung (the literary world) banned in 1990, he became during the 1990s one of the publicists of the LND. He was sentenced to seven years in prison under Article 17 (20) of emergency legislation. Ne Min, a former contributor to the BCC, was arrested for having sent news reports to foreign-based media.The state of press freedom in Burma:Since the start of the demonstrations on 19 August 2007, Reporters Without Borders and the Burma Media Association have recorded 24 serious violations of press freedom, including arrests and assaults.Since 1962, Burmese journalists working for the official and privately-owned press have been subjected to the surveillance of the Censorship Bureau which imposes draconian control on the content of news, but also on illustrations and TV programmes. There is not one single privately-owned TV or radio station in Burma but scores of magazines are published alongside government dailies.In 2007, the security services, reorganised within the Military Security Force (Sa Ya Hpa), has stepped up surveillance of the press. Civilians have also reportedly been trained to identify international media “informers”. Telephone tapping capacity was boosted during 2006, with the creation of two new eavesdropping centres in Mandalay, central Burma.The junta does not jam international radios broadcasts in Burmese but they do harass and punish some of their participants. The film-maker and journalist Thura “Zar Ga Nar” was in May banned from all artistic activity after taking part in a broadcast on the Burmese service of the BBC. This decision was taken by Major Thein Htun Aung, director of the information ministry’s cinema department.In the face of ever more overt hostility from the United States, the military regime has stepped up propaganda against “imperialists” and other “neo-colonialists”. In February, information ministry officials told a group of Burmese journalists and local correspondents for the foreign press in Rangoon to respond to criticism carried by the foreign press.Identical articles regularly appear in most of the country’s media attacking Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, the United States and opposition figures. They are written by agents of the junta’s propaganda body, the Office of Strategic Studies. There are now more than 100 privately-owned publications in the country, all of them subjected to advance censorship. Alongside traditionally forbidden subjects, such as democracy, the plight of Aung San Suu Kyi and the socio-economic crisis, national and international events routinely go unreported. This was the case in 2006, when Asian and UN diplomats visited the country in a bid to soften the junta’s stance. Anti-government demonstrations in the Philippines and Thailand were never covered in the press. The magazine Padauk Pwint Thit was forced to withdraw an issue in December after the Censorship Bureau rejected seven of its articles. Even within the prisons, a censorship committee ensures that any “subversive” reading matter is removed. In March, the wife of the jailed journalist and writer, Than Win Hlaing revealed that her husband was denied all reading matter because of his “defect” of taking notes of what he read.Also in June 2006, Aung Than, a member of the National League for Democracy (NLD), and Zeya Aung, a student at Pegu University, were sentenced to 19 years in prison for having written and distributed a collection of poems “Daung Man” (“The power of the fighter peacock”, in reference to the NLD).The Burmese government’s Internet policies are even more repressive than those of its Chinese and Vietnamese neighbours. The military junta clearly filters opposition websites. It keeps a very close eye on Internet cafes, in which the computers automatically execute screen captures every five minutes, in order to monitor user activity. The authorities targeted Internet telephony and chat services in June, blocking Google’s Gtalk, for example. The aim was two-fold: to defend the profitable long-distance telecommunications market, which is controlled by state companies, as well as to stop cyber-dissidents from using a means of communication that is hard to monitor.Since, the start of the demonstrations, several foreign journalists have managed to work in Burma using tourist visas. In fact, the military junta does award a very small number of press visas. Scores of journalists and human rights activists are blacklisted and prevented from entering the country. Last July, not one foreign journalist obtained a visa and Burmese reporters had very limited access to the inaugural session of the National Convention.Burmese journalists working for foreign media are extremely closely watched. In May 2007, two reporters working for the Bangkok bureau of the Nippon News Network, were arrested by police officers near Rangoon. On 18 September, Myat Thura, correspondent for the news agency Kyodo, was arrested in the capital. Thai premier, UN rapporteurs asked to prevent journalists being returned to Myanmar September 25, 2007 – Updated on January 20, 2016 One photographer killed and six journalists in jail May 26, 2021 Find out more MyanmarAsia – Pacific RSF_en News News May 31, 2021 Find out more May 12, 2021 Find out more Follow the news on Myanmar Help by sharing this information US journalist held in Yangon prison notorious for torture The actor Jane Birkin also joined the rally to condemn the brutal policies of the Burmese regime towards the democracy movement and the monks. Newslast_img read more

New proposed law to keep your kids safe online

first_imgThe law required convicted sex offenders to register and update any email accounts, screen names for chatting services like AIM, or other identifiers with the state. The state then created a list and gave that list to the providers so they could purge the offenders from their sites if they desired. “They can take advantage of that trust you know to get the kids to send them explicit pictures, then they have leverage over the kids, so it really has opened the door for predators,” Johnson City Police Chief Brent Dodge said about the dangers of the internet. (WBNG) — While Governor Andrew Cuomo’s State of the State address was aimed at helping New York as a whole, one specific proposal is targeted at strengthening protection for children online. The internet has changed a lot since 2008, so not only will the new law address new platforms such as social media and dating apps, it will make it a crime for offenders to misrepresent themselves online.center_img According to the governor’s office, E-STOP sent the information of 22,000 sex offenders to social media sites in 2019. When Governor Cuomo was New York’s attorney general in 2008, he authored the Electronic Security and Targeting of Online Predators Act, or E-STOP, the basis for internet protection in the state today.last_img read more

Real Madrid set £44m asking price for Arsenal to seal Dani Ceballos transfer

first_imgCeballos played his way back into Arteta’s plans (Picture: Getty)That salary reduction is set to last for the next 12 months and the Gunners have even shelved contract renewal talks with Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang and Mesut Ozil due to the ongoing health crisis.Ceballos is likely to have his loan deal extended if the Premier League are permitted to finish the 2019/20 season this summer.The Spaniard spoke out about his future this week and revealed he still expects to be given a chance to prove himself at Real.‘I haven’t spoken to Zidane since I left,’ Ceballos told Movistar. More: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man City‘It has to be difficult to have a dressing room with so many players. I don’t think Zidane talks to the loan players. ‘Hopefully [I will play for Real Madrid again]. I now have a contract with Arsenal. ‘At the moment in Madrid it is difficult to play with the players that are there. ‘Now I am focused on being important at a club.’MORE: Jack Wilshere explains why Arsenal never won Premier League with Mesut Ozil and Alexis SanchezMORE: Dani Ceballos hoping for Real Madrid return after Arsenal loan but has had no contact with Zinedine ZidaneFollow Metro Sport across our social channels, on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. For more stories like this, check our sport page. Comment Real Madrid set £44m asking price for Arsenal to seal Dani Ceballos transfer Advertisement Coral BarryTuesday 28 Apr 2020 11:03 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link345Shares Advertisement Ceballos is on loan at Arsenal (Picture: Getty)Arsenal will have to pay £44million to seal the permanent transfer of Dani Ceballos, according to reports in Spain.Real Madrid expect the midfielder to return to the club at the end of his loan spell and have not ruled out the possibility of promoting Ceballos to the first-team.Eager to keep hold of his place in the Spain national side, Ceballos has prioritised regular football ahead of next season and managed to win the trust of Mikel Arteta after initially falling down the pecking order at the Emirates.Read the latest updates: Coronavirus news liveADVERTISEMENTArsenal are keen to sign Ceballos permanently or bring him back to the club on another season-long loan following his performances this term.AdvertisementAdvertisementAS claim Real are only prepared to sell the 23-year-old if a club offers £44m (€50m) for Ceballos.Due the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, such a bid would be difficult for Real to turn down.Arsenal, however, are not expected to have a big transfer kitty to spend this summer after asking their first-team players and Arteta to take a 12.5 per cent pay cut.last_img read more

Winning Post: online VIP reliance exposed?

first_img Share Related Articles Submit Share StumbleUpon Winning Post: Swedish regulator pushes back on ‘Storebror’ approach to deposit limits August 24, 2020 Industry strategic consultancy Regulus Partners kicks off the new year with a look at the use of VIPs by UK licence holders.UK: gambling regulation – online VIP reliance exposed?The Guardian newspaper has received information on the VIP concentration of some apparently leading GB licensees following a Freedom of Information request to the Gambling Commission.The expose has been quickly picked up and widely reported, largely with a view to demonstrating an industry reliance on VIPs and the vulnerability of VIPs to gambling related harm. Unsurprisingly, this is being used by some stakeholders (who typically already have a position) to call for tighter regulation of VIPs, call out the GB licensed sector as ‘bad business’ and drive the agenda for tougher regulation more generally.We have written regularly in the past that there are areas where we see tighter regulation as desirable and there can be no doubt that large elements of the sector have been nothing short of exploitative in certain instances (and sometimes endemically), especially before the tougher scrutiny and tougher rules of recent times. However, this backdrop should not trigger an open season on the sector and the findings of the ‘expose’ need to be set into context. We have three issues with the mainstream reporting of the data expose and how it is being position from a policy perspective – and one recommendation for the sector.First, while there are important discrepancies between the Guardian’s graph and the text commentary that open questions of data integrity, the average VIP concentration of the data provided (9 material operators, albeit one with a very small VIP cohort: likely a fairly representative concentration sample despite big differences in VIP definition) appears to be the top 3% of customers provide 34% of the deposits, with the top 5% generating 60-80% in two instances (the 2% – 83% ratio reported looks a little suspect to us, especially if it is a very big operator, and this split is not reflected in the graph). Even if we factored in the suspect outlier, this would move the unweighted average to 2% of customers generating 34% of deposits.At face value this is a very high deposit (reasonable proxy for revenue) concentration. But is it really, and can we really say that it shows a reliance on VIPs? In the UK, the top 3% of earners represent 12.5% of total earned income (ONS), so a 34% concentration looks higher than that. However, with higher earnings comes exponentially higher disposable income – which the UK’s progressive Income Tax policy is designed to mirror. While figures for the top 3% are not available, the top 1% of Income Tax payers provide 28% of receipts while the top 5% generate 49%. The VIP data is therefore pretty much exactly in line with UK Income Tax distribution.Indeed, if it were not, a case could (and no doubt would) be made that the industry was exploiting the poor… It is also worth considering the number of customers who will have only one or two bets per year (e.g. the Grand National or England in an International football match, or tempted by just one offer) skewing the total number of actives vs. the regular players that make up every operator’s core (and not just in gambling – this is fairly normal for business generally). This issue is not therefore the bald percentages of revenue concentration, however shocking they may look to anyone not familiar with basic concepts of wealth inequality or user concentrations, but whether VIPs can afford their expenditure (i.e. they are from sustainably wealthier cohorts and are not foregoing basic needs): this is an important need for protection but not one that the data is in a position to illustrate at all.Equally, banning VIP schemes would not necessarily reduce this expenditure if it is sustainable, but it may encourage players who like to be treated like VIPs to seek illegal (unrestricted) supply. Undoubtedly, there is a strong logic for regulating affordability and ensuring that loyalty/expenditure is rewarded rather than exploited – betting than the GB regulatory framework does now (the Guardian’s point that seven in ten regulatory penalties have VIP status as a factor is a fair and apposite one) – but this is very different to ‘ban’.There is no data on affordability provided (though it is, rightly, becoming an increasing area of focus for the regulator and industry), but the proxy for harm is the Problem Gambling score. Here, it is reported that of the VIPs which have taken the test (a small sample), 8% are problem gamblers ‘”11 times the rate among the wider public”. Since VIPs are gamblers (by default), comparisons with the ‘wider public’ are pretty meaningless when considering the additional harm that being a VIP might entail vs. being an ordinary remote gambler. Here, overall scores are 3.7% for sports (with a very long tail of occasional use due to the skew of big sporting events) and 8.5% for casino (with more concentrated play). Given that VIPs are (very) likely to fit into the regular player category, the casino benchmark would be the most sensible proxy regardless of product and here VIPs are bang in line with overall averages. Is this figure too high? Almost certainly; but does VIP status suggest an increased risk of harm? – not on the evidence provided when properly analysed (again, this is also dangerous – some VIP schemes almost certainly have been or are inappropriate in the nature of their inducements, but these issues get shown up and dealt with through granular analysis, not sweeping statistics – policy should be the same, in our view).Finally, this data is not collected through Annual Assurance Statements and while the Gambling Commission, as a public body, is bound by FOI requirements, many operators are likely to be wondering how the Guardian knew to ask for this ‘secret report’ after providing sensitive data. Equally, a one-newspaper expose is bound to have the mixture of sensationalism, selective disclosure (deliberately or just editorially) and data discrepancies we can see here. Such exposes are a great way to shape popular opinion and the opinions of lawmakers or other stakeholders who prefer to grandstand on perceived issues rather than to understand and seek to solve real ones. Whatever the source and motives of the directed fire, the result was very predictably ill considered sensationalism and much bandwagon jumping – not conducive to the kind of debate Britain needs to shape its review of current gambling legislation, but very helpful to those with a pre-conceived view.Our recommendation to the industry is simple. The gambling industry has historically been very poor at understanding and explaining its own data other than within the narrow operational context of product, marketing and retention. Every board member who has not previously asked about revenue concentrations, affordability and the suitability of VIP schemes should probably feel a little embarrassed. Every executive who cannot explain the revenue concentrations or specific business practices they shed light on in a measured and convincing way, knowing that harm is being mitigated as much as possible, should be more than a little embarrassed. These figures only have the power to shock if they make the industry look guilty and historically the industry has tended to look as guilty as a Christmas puppy sitting next to a mess on the carpet at practically every disclosure. Until the industry can own its data and harm-mitigation reality – which means really understanding and facing up to the issues which offering gambling products can cause (not sitting in an operational bunker and/or relying on PR), sensationalist press exposes will land policy blows – however, half-baked they may be. Winning Post: UK gambling feels the ‘Noyes’ with SMF report August 10, 2020 Winning Post: Third time’s the charm for England’s casinos August 17, 2020last_img read more

Artificial Intelligence Meets Shakespeare

first_imgFacebook93Tweet0Pin0Submitted by Rebekah Finn for Harlequin ProductionsAs creative a writer and theatre artist as he was, William Shakespeare could never have imagined all the different forms his collection of plays would take. Since their creation in Elizabethan England, Shakespeare’s works have been translated into over 80 languages and adapted to countless cultural contexts, including Broadway musicals and many popular movies.Photo courtesy: Harlequin ProductionsOne such adaptation that could not have been foreseen is a fantastic production of his lesser-known masterpiece, Cymbeline, right here in Olympia at Harlequin Productions. What makes this production stand out? Well, rather than being set in Ancient Celtic Britain as originally written, this production is set many hundreds of years in the future, in a post-apocalyptic civilization. In fact, the setting is so far in the future that one of the characters is a vintage robot, leftover from a bygone age of highly advanced technology. Surely, Shakespeare couldn’t have imagined that one of his characters would be portrayed as mechanical artificial intelligence, right?Pisanio the robot is a collaboration between director Scot Whitney’s vision and costume designer Monique Anderson’s creative genius and artistry. The costume for this year’s Cymbeline production (opening October 5, 2017 at the State Theater in Olympia) is a re-creation of the robot that Anderson built for the same play in 1995.Anderson costumed the entire cast of Harlequin’s production of Cymbeline in 1995, which she remembers fondly as her first full design project for Harlequin. Back then, she ran with Scot’s post-apocalyptic vision and brought in her own ideas of combining historic and romantic styles with futuristic elements. It wasn’t a known concept at the time, but looking back, she defines her costume choices as definitely “steampunk-ish.”“I was influenced a bit by the sci-fi series of Beserker stories by Fred Saberhagen, but this concept and style was happening in a lot of different places at the same time. There was Mad Max, Star Trek, the Beserkers, and eventually steampunk. I wouldn’t say they were influences, but there seems to be waves of ideas where people come up with the same thing independently of each other.”Seeing the Pisanio costume for myself, I would whole-heartedly agree with all the above comparisons. As a Star Trek: The Next Generation fan, the android character Data is who first came to mind when I heard about this character. But after seeing the costume, I would have to agree that it is certainly more Borg-like, looking much more machine than human.Photo courtesy: Harlequin ProductionsSo what about the costume has changed since its first iteration in 1995? In addition to some decorative detail changes to better complement the other costumes designed by Jocelyn Fowler, Anderson credits the booming cosplay culture for making available more efficient and effective materials, including the use of LED lights. This time around, Anderson has 20+ years of experience under her belt, plus an assistant and technical specialist, Jacob Ranger, to expertly design an LED display throughout the costume. “The idea is to have several different parts of the robot light up,” Ranger explains.Despite the machine-like look of the costume, robot Pisanio is brought to life by a human—the very talented actor Christian Doyle. With the use of makeup and a skin-tight black suit, the team strives to erase as much of Doyle’s humanness as possible, so that the costume pieces look like they’re sitting on an inhuman skeleton.[To see Doyle transform into robot Pisanio, check out this video at HarlequinProductions.org.]The story of Cymbeline centers around the forbidden marriage of Princess Imogen and an adopted orphan, Posthumus. Posthumus’s trusted servant, Pisanio, in this case his robot, is a major factor in driving forward the plot, which is a journey through love, jealousy, betrayal, courage, repentance, and redemption.“Pisanio is the most ultimately loyal guy,” explains Doyle. “He is the Alfred to Posthumus’s Batman. He will do anything for his master, and always follows the intent of his orders if not always to the exact letter. He is programmed for loyalty, but he has emotions, too, if toned down a bit.”But how does Doyle take on the challenge of playing an artificially intelligent servant? “The costume really informs the character, in the fact that my mobility is limited. The character choices are really limited by and informed by the costume,” Doyle says.I guess we’ll just have to see for ourselves how this robotic character fits into the Shakespearean fairy tale romantic adventure of Cymbeline. You can book your tickets now by calling the Box Office at 360-786-0151 or stop by at 202 4th Ave. E in downtown Olympia. For more information and to subscribe for the 2018 season, and visit the Harlequin Productions website.last_img read more

Nelson fighters shine at Griffins Boxing Card

first_imgNelson Boxing Club fighters took their skills on the road to compete at the Griffins Saturday Night Boxing Card in North Vancouver.Coach Jesse Pineiro said the card was an opportunity for the local boxers to gain some valuable experience. “I’m very proud of how our fighters conduct themselves in and out of the ring,” Pineiro said following the event.“They showed skills, heart and sportsmanship as always and putting our club on the map.”Results had Brayden Hellekson drop a close decision to Robert Machikyan from Nanaimo while Jesse Lyons fought a great exhibition match against National Champion Ali Reza.“Jesse used his reach and movement and looked very sharp against Reza,” Pineiro said.The final Nelson bout had Max Berkeley gains some good experience during an action-packed bout against Aaron Madriaga from North Vancouver. This was a 12-year-old initiation bout for both fighters.last_img read more

Top judges to gather in SA

first_imgConstitutional Court judges deliberatingconstitutional issues amongst each other.(Image: nextbook.org)Khanyi MagubaneOver 260 senior judges from 93 countries will descend on South African shores for a high level conference focusing on constitutional court judges.The World Conference on Constitutional Justice Conference will take place on 23 and 24 January in Cape Town, and will see judges not only from constitutional courts, but also equivalent institutions and their representatives coming together for the first time.South Africa’s constitution is respected across the world, not only for its inclusiveness for all South Africans, but also for some groundbreaking judgements that have been handed down by the constitutional court.Constitutional court chief justice Pius Langa told journalists on 19 January that the conference would enable judges to share and exchange ideas on constitutional matters and jurisprudence.Langa said the conference would also help in promoting cooperation between courts engaged in constitutional review, in addition to advancing global human rights principles.“This conference will provide both developed and evolving democracies an opportunity to examine and compare the effectiveness of systems and strategies in different jurisdictions for the achievement of accepted goals.”The keynote address will be made by South African President Kgalema Motlanthe on the opening day of conference.The historic event will be hosted in conjunction with the Venice Commission of the Council of Europe, which is an advisory body to the Council of Europe on constitutional issues.Constitution influencing societyThe theme for the inaugural conference is: “Influential Constitutional Justice – its influence on society and on the development of a global jurisprudence on human rights.”Langa said the theme would pave the way for the issues that justices will deliberate on, including the all-important one of independence and accountability of the judiciary.Other issues to be thrashed out include interference and the exertion of improper pressure from public representatives, including the media.This is especially true for South Africa, as Langa also took the opportunity during the media conference to lambaste politicians who publicly criticised the judiciary.Langa said attacks on judges had the potential to weaken South Africa’s democracy.Judges have recently come under duress from the ruling ANC party and its alliance partners, mainly as a result of rulings which have been unfavourable to the its leader Jacob Zuma who is trying to avert being tried on corruption charges.In 2008 the attacks worsened when ANC Secretary-General Gwede Mantashe accused Constitutional Court judges of being “counter- revolutionaries” when they ruled on Zuma in a matter he had brought before the court, relating to the criminal charges brought before him.Mantashe responded to the reports that he labelled the judges “counter-revolutionaries” saying that he was quoted out of context.Langa said that while the judiciary was not against the public remarking on rulings made, the criticism should be fair, “What we would not want is criticism which goes to the integrity of the person. A ‘drunk’ or ‘counter- revolutionary’ or whatever.“I mean those are things we don’t expect to hear from the general public because it does not tell us that they have read the judgments that we have given,” he added.The chief justice also noted that judges respect the publics’ right to freedom of expression, but that it should not extend to being insulting to judges.Upholding the rights of SA citizensThe work of the Constitutional Court is rooted in deliberating cases brought before it for evaluation against the country’s constitution.As the highest court in the land, the Constitutional Court has the final say on matters relating to the interpretation, protection and enforcement of the constitution.It deals only with constitutional matters – some cases raise concerns about the application or interpretation of the constitution.Outside of the Constitutional Court, The Supreme Court of Appeal in Bloemfontein in the Free State, is the highest court in the country as far as other law issues are concerned.Although the Constitutional Court only hears constitutional matters, all courts in South Africa have to apply the constitution and the law “without fear, favour or prejudice” (According to section 165) of the constitution.There are various ways in which a case can reach the highest court.The constitutional court will see a case if it is:The result of an appeal from a judgment of the High Court or the Supreme Court of Appeal;A direct application to the Court, asking it to sit as a court of first and last instance because of the urgency of the matter;The result of the court below declaring a piece of legislation invalid, which requires confirmation by the Constitutional Court; orA Bill parliament asks the Court to review.The judges of the Constitutional Court always deliberate as a unit before handing down a ruling.In a case where judges decide to grant leave to appeal, or if it is unsure and wishes to hear an argument on whether leave to appeal should be granted, a case date is set and parties involved are invited to present their arguments before the court.The Constitutional Court doesn’t hear evidence or question any witnesses.Each party will hand in written submissions before the court date to allow judges to familiarise themselves with their arguments and the different position taken by each party.If there are other parties outside of those directly involved in the case who also wish to make written submissions, they are also invited to do so as amicus curiae (friends of the court).This is usually the case with advocacy groups like anti-abuse, or anti-gender discrimination groups.If favoured, the friends of the court are sometimes allowed to make oral arguments during the case.Do you have any queries or comments about this article? Contact Khanyi Magubane at: [email protected] Related articlesCameron in Constitutional Court Goldstone to get McArthur prize South Africa’s constitution Judge Sachs honoured in New York Useful LinksThe Constitutional CourtVenice Commission of the Council of Europe Chief Justice Pius Langa BiographyJudicial Services Commissionlast_img read more

Brand South Africa introduces the Constitution to students from Georgia State University

first_imgBrand South Africa today brought together MBA students from Georgia State University in the United States and the Bokamoso Youth Entrepreneurship and Mentorship programme in KZN to experience South Africa’s journey towards becoming a constitutional democracy. At the same time, Brand South Africa introduced the South African nation brand and its competitive strengths to the students.Johannesburg, Friday 12 August 2016 – Brand South Africa today hosted students from Georgia State University in the United States as well as the Bokamoso Youth Entrepreneurship and Mentorship programme in KwaZulu-Natal.Brand South Africa’s engagement with students comes within the context of its mandate to manage the country’s reputation and position the South African nation brand as globally competitive.In telling the South African story, Brand South Africa leveraged the 20th anniversary of the Constitution to host the students at the historic Constitution Hill which outlines the country’s journey towards being a constitutional democracy.In addition, students were hosted at the Nelson Mandela Foundation where they were introduced to the former President’s efforts to ensure that South Africa would overcome its history and move towards non-racialism, non-sexism and equality.Young people are important change agents and must be invested in to ensure they are able to play their part to strengthen the nation brand.  Equally important is for young people the world over to know the South African story which has been able to inspire the global community with its ability to embrace forgiveness and transcend a brutal past.Follow the conversation on #SANationBrand.For more information or to set up interviews, please contact Tsabeng NthiteTel: +27 11 712 5061Mobile: +27 (0) 76 371 6810Email:[email protected] Visit www.brandsouthafrica.comlast_img read more

Passivhaus Buildings Don’t Heat Themselves

first_img This article is only available to GBA Prime Members Start Free Trial Already a member? Log in Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details.center_img For years, the English-language website of the Passivhaus Institut in Germany provided this definition: “A passive house is a building in which a comfortable interior climate can be maintained without active heating and cooling systems. The house heats and cools itself, hence ‘passive.’”The idea of a house that “heats and cools itself” has a certain PR value, of course. The only problem is that it doesn’t exist. Excluding a few buildings in areas with a very mild climate (for example, in San Diego or Honolulu), no one has yet managed to build a house that heats and cools itself. That’s why Passivhaus buildings always need an active heating system, an active cooling system, or both.Until recently, most of the people complaining about exaggerations from the Passivhaus Institut were cynics and curmudgeons like me. Now, however, even Passivhaus fans have begun grumbling about the fallout from the false claim that Passivhaus buildings don’t need heating or cooling systems.The myth is responsible for a great many misunderstandings — misunderstandings that can in some cases lead to bad building designs.Allen Gilliland is the founder of One Sky Homes, a design/build firm in San Jose, California. His company specializes in Passivhaus construction, and Gilliland designs all of his projects’ HVAC systems. In a recent PowerPoint presentation that he shared with a monthly meeting of a group called Passive House California, Gilliland expressed his frustration with the idea that a Passivhaus building “heats and cools itself.” In one of his slides, Gilliland warned, “Beware the Passivhaus Kool Aid: Hyperbole, careless references, and hearsay are everywhere.”It is often said that a building with a low rate of air leakage and above-average amounts of insulation is inherently more comfortable for occupants than an average building. While this is usually… last_img read more

After Effects Tutorial: Lo-Fi Cartoon Mouth Animation

first_imgIn this After Effects video tutorial we’ll show you how to recreate the cartoony mouth animation popularized by Monty Python.Give your project a unique and fun lo-fi look by animating mouth movement on a still picture in After Effects. Many of you may find this look familiar, as it was used in the Monty Python Flying Circus animations, as well as more recently in JibJab.com online videos.One of the main differences in this tutorial (from others that show this technique) is we won’t have to manually keyframe the mouth movement (big timesaver). In fact, by using expressions we can actually have the mouth auto animate to a audio voice track.In this After Effects tutorial I’ve used a Creative Commons image of the Mona Lisa, but you can certainly apply this technique to any photo. Highlights of this video tutorial include:Use the pen tool to cut out the mouth and jaw line in the image.Parenting the mouth layer to the body (or main image)Converting audio to keyframes in After EffectsAdding the expression that maps the mouth movementx = 0;l = thisComp.layer(“Audio Amplitude”).effect(“Both Channels”)(“Slider”);y = linear(l,2,20,0,15);value+[x,y] This is an intermediate After Effects tutorial, so some experience working with expressions is suggested. Have fun!last_img read more